A Brief History Of Bollywood Movies
The history of Bollywood dates back to 1913, the year when Dadasaheb Phalke's silent movie Raja Harishchandra hit the theaters. The film's success inspired creative people and technicians to seriously think about film making. The advent of talkies in Bollywood cinema was with Alam Ara made in 1931, and it was followed by the first Hindi film in color, named Kisan Kanya.
The period of the Second World War (1939-1945) coincided with the tumult of the Indian independence movement, and that Bollywood films during this time were mostly escapist ones to bring some joy to the audience in those difficult times. Achhut Kanya that deal with the controversial issue of untouchability, and Shaheed, that was very patriotic in its theme.
Rural poverty and lasting family values were finely portrayed in Mehboob Khan's Mother India, which hit the screens in 1957. It was about the same time that Guru Dutt and Raj Kapoor made some of their best films, and showed them wonderful guidance and acting skills in movies such as Pyaasa, Awara and Shree 420. Mughal-E-Azam (1960) was an epic on celluloid that greeted the Mughal era on the Indian screen with great realism.
Music composers like OP Nayyar and SD Burman enchanted the masses with their wonderful compositions and artistes like Nargis, Madhubala, Dev Anand and Ashok Kumar became household names. It was during the 1950s and 60s that Mohammed Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar won nationwide acclaim as playback singers.
Shammi Kapoor, with his Elvis-like looks, danced his way to fame in the rocking 60s. The 70s witnessed the rise of the angry young man, depicted superbly by Amitabh Bachchan. The action genre continued into the mid 80s, until the release of Qayamat se Qayamat Tak in 1988, and since then, romantic movies have been popular in Bollywood and can even be seen in the latest Bollywood movies. But now Bollywood possesses highly skilled professionals and advanced equipment, which helps in creating movies that quite often go on to get global acclaim.